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Antibiotics

Antibiotics

Antibiotics (also known as antibacterials) are used to treat or prevent bacterial infections. They work by either killing the bacteria or preventing them from reproducing and spreading. The development of antibiotics has been long and complicated. It wasn’t until the 1940s they were first used; their successful use has been one of the greatest advances in medicine.

However, now due to the overuse of antibiotics, there are some bacteria that are resistant (i.e. they don’t respond) to the antibiotics that worked in the past. It is important that you always use all the antibiotics you are given, even if you feel better as then the treatment is more likely to be successful. It also reduces the chances of the bacteria becoming resistant in the future.

Antibiotics are used to treat chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis, however some strains are now resistant to the antibiotics normally used to treat them, this means it will be more difficult to treat you if you get one of these strains.

 WHO issues warning about rise of drug-resistant gonorrhoea | NHS Choices | 7 July 2017

Until recently the main way to avoid getting sexually stransmitted infections (STIs) and HIV was to either not to heve sex or to use condoms during sex. However, there are now concerns the sustained and widespread use of PrEP will see a reduction in condom use, resulting in an increase in STIs (other than HIV) at a time when the antibiotics used to treat some STIs no longer work.

The antibiotic apocalypse explained | Kurzgesagt (In a Nutshell) | 16 Mar 2016 | 5m 57s

Antibiotics | NHS Choices
Antibiotics | Wikipedia

Super-gonorrhoea is here – that means the antibiotic crisis is too | The Guardian | 30 Mar 2018
Multi-drug resistant gonorrhoea in England: 2018 | Public Health England (PHE) | 18 Mar 2017
Antibiotic resistance | World Health Organisation (WHO) | Nov 2017
Antibiotic resistance | Antibiotic Research UK

Antibiotic resistance could take us back to the days where 40% of us died from infections | Professor Dame Sally Davies, Chief Medical Officer for England | Huff Post | 29 Jan 2018
Fifth of prescribed antibiotics are unnecessary, study finds | The Guardian | 27 Feb 2018
Number of new antibiotics has fallen sharply since 2000 | The Guardian | 28 Jan 2018
Not enough new antibiotics are being developed to combat lethal drug resistance, warns WHO | The Independent | 20 Sep 2017
Health matters: antimicrobial resistance | PHE/ GOV.UK 10 Dec 2015
Sepsis is on the rise, warns medical expert | The Independent | 20 Aug 2014
Are you ready for a world without antibiotics? | The Guardian | 12 Aug 2010

The crisis in antibiotic resistance | Harold C Neu | Science, Vol 257 | 21 Aug 1992

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