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Undetectable = Untransmittable

U=UU=U means Undetectable = Untransmittable which essentially means if someone with HIV has an undetectable viral load then they cannot pass on the virus through sex. Over the last year, HIV organisations across the world  have joined the U=U campaign to endorse the statement that HIV sexual transmission does not occur when viral load is undetectable on HIV medication or antiretroviral therapy (ART). While the impact of HIV medication on reducing HIV transmission has been known for a long time,  it's new to say ART stops sexual transmission completely. This change is especially important given that prejudice and discrimination against HIV positive people is still widespread.


One of those chats | Ending HIV NZ | 31 May 2018 | 1m

In 2016, we saw data from the PARTNER study which followed 888 sero-different couples, where one partner was HIV positive and had an undetectable viral load and the other partner was HIV negative. After six years and over 60,000 condom-less sex acts later the study has reported ZERO linked partner-to-partner infections. At the International AIDS Society 2017 conference, there was even more evidence from the Opposites Attract study which followed 343 gay couples, where again one partner was undetectable and the other was HIV negative. The data showed once again that there were ZERO linked partner-to-partner infections.

The Partner Study | Alison J. Rodger, Valentina Cambiano, Tina Bruun, et al | 12 Jun 2016
Opposites Attract Study | Bavinton et al,  and the Opposites Attract Study Group
Consensus statement |  Prevention Access Campaign

CDC acknowledges U=U | European AIDS Treatment Group | 29 Sep 2017
The evidence for U=U: why negligible risk is zero risk | i-base | 9 Aug 2017
Consensus Statement | Prevention Access Campaign | 21 Jul 2017
 Effective HIV treatment means ‘zero’ risk of transmitting virus | THT | 21 Jul 2017
BHIVA endorses 'Undetectable equals Untransmittable' (U=U) consensus statement | BHIVA | 12 Jul 2017
NAM endorses Undetectable equals Untransmittable (U=U) | NAM aidsmap | 9 Feb 2017

Zero Risk | Dr Carl Dieffenbach | Prevention Access Campaign | 14 Nov 2016

Living With HIV: What you need to know about HIV-undetectable and viral load | GMFA | 7 Sep 2016 | 00m51s
HIV: Stopping the Virus Starts With You | Stop the Virus | 27 Apr 2015 | 1m49s
HIV: What's Going on Inside Your Body | Stop the Virus | 25 Jul 2014 | 2m37s
HIV: The Goal of Undetectable | Stop the Virus | 25 Jul 2014 | 3m18s


Undetectable Viral Load & The Sex You Want | Gay Men's Sexual Health Alliance | 24 Jul 2017 | 2m30s

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